Archive for Communism

Rehabilitating Ribbentrop

The news just gets worse, if not surprising:

Russian President Vladimir Putin on Sunday defended the infamous pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union that agreed to divide up eastern Europe during a visit by German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

On August 23, 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union agreed to carve up eastern Europe between them in a secret clause of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact on non-aggression.

“When the USSR realised that it was left facing Hitler’s Germany alone, it took steps so as to not permit a direct collision and this Molotov-Ribbentrop pact was signed,” Putin said at a news conference in response to a question from a journalist.

He was asked to respond to comments by Russia’s outspoken culture minister Vladimir Medinsky praising the pact as a triumph of Joseph Stalin’s diplomacy.

“In this sense I share the opinion of our culture minister that this pact had significance for ensuring the security of the USSR,” Putin said.

It’s not far from polishing Stalin’s reputation to dusting off his policies. Forget your territory, Ukraine, I’d stockpile food if I were you.


¿Cuba Libre?

You tell me:

Here is what the U.S. Agency for International Development, which takes its foreign policy guidance from the White House and the State Department, has to say about Cuba:

Cuba is a totalitarian state which relies on repressive methods to maintain control. Criticism of national leaders or the political system can lead to imprisonment. Members of the security forces harass and physically assault human rights and pro-democracy advocates, dissidents, detainees, and prisoners. The Cuban Government does not allow independent monitoring of prison conditions by international or national human rights groups and continues to refuse access to detainees by international humanitarian organizations (U.S. Department of State Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011).…

The Cuban Government routinely denies its citizens freedom of association and does not recognize independent associations. The Cuban Constitution prohibits any political organization that is not officially recognized. As a result, grassroots community efforts which operate in a democratic manner are extremely limited (U.S. Department of State Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011)….

The Cuban Government owns and the Communist Party controls all print and broadcast media outlets. News and information programming is nearly uniform across all outlets, and the law prohibits distribution of printed material from foreign sources considered “counterrevolutionary” or critical of the government. Foreign newspapers or magazines are generally unavailable, and distribution of material with political content, interpreted broadly to include the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, is not allowed and can result in harassment and even detention.

The Cuban Government controls nearly all internet access, with the exception of extremely limited facilities, where foreigners and citizens are allowed to buy Internet access cards for use at hotel business centers, where the price of Internet access is beyond the means of most citizens. Authorities review the browsing history of authorized users, review and censor e-mail, employ Internet search filters, and block access to Web sites considered objectionable (U.S. Department of State Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011).

Under the arrangement Obama has crafted, Cuba is required to do not a damn thing about reforming any of this. In “exchange,” the United States of America gives Cuba full diplomatic recognition. Plus, Obama tells the world’s other despots that a windfall from Uncle Sam could be awaiting them, too, if they abduct American citizens and hold them for ransom.

It’s true that we have diplomatic relations with just about everybody—North Korea being the only notable exception. But Havana doesn’t sound a whole hell of a lot freer. Pyonyang with an extra ration of fried plantains. Beijing with palm trees.

Cuba’s current sugardaddy, Venezuela, is in its own circle of Hell. If there was ever a time to squeeze Cuba for human rights concessions, this was that time. I guess human rights are just another first-world, colonial imposition on the indigenous proletariat of the world, and Obama says [bleep] that noise. Besides, Major League Baseball could do with a few more power pitchers and right-handed bats.


Has Anybody Here Seen My Old Friend Hugo?

Aw, woozums:

The mural above Ana Caona’s head in the gritty Caracas slum known as 23rd of January is no ordinary depiction of the Last Supper. Instead of disciples, the figures flanking Jesus Christ are rebel figures such as Mao, Lenin and Hugo Chávez.

Yet despite these symbols of revolutionary commitment, Ms Caona is disenchanted with Venezuela’s socialist government as it grapples with falling oil prices and an economy ravaged by inflation, shortages and corruption.

“There are internecine fights, micro-powers within the revolution, everyone defending their interests,” complains this member of one of Venezuela’s militias, called colectivos, which consider themselves keepers of socialism’s sacred flame and also sometimes act as auxiliary state security forces.

Ms Caona illuminates a growing public disaffection with President Nicolas Maduro’s government as oil prices have slid 40 per cent since June. She says her colectivo has taken to delivering food staples around the neighbourhood so that supplies are not “mishandled by corrupt forces”.

“Socialism’s sacred flame”: I think I see your problem. Their ain’t nothing sacred about socialism. Since when did The Last Supper depict Jesus sitting at a table full of Judases?

Rather the article makes clear that Venezuela’s system is the croniest of crony capitalism. Which worked (up to a point) when oil was at $130 a barrel, but not so much when it’s less than half that. Enjoy the fall, commies. It’s not half bad until the end.

PS: Why is Ben Stiller at the table, three seats to the left of Jesus?


Maybe They Can Replace it With the Pol Pot-au-Feu

What’s the special at the Che Guevara Collective (and why didn’t they call it “The Motorcycle Dairies”?), Bourgeois Bourguignon?

University of California-San Diego students have run the “Che Café Collective” for 34 years, a vegan co-op and concert venue boasting “exorbitantly low” prices and volunteer staffing. But it’s consistently in the red, costing the student body nearly $1 million over the years, and isn’t kept up to fire or safety codes. School officials are threatening to cut off funding, which would shut down the campus fixture, but a band of students is fighting back.

“The venue has been operating for 34 years and it’s the longest-running volunteer space in Southern California, if not in all of California,” café volunteer Rene Vera told “And our building is covered in murals that document a lot of that history.”

You say murals, we say graffiti.

In its heyday, the café hosted up-and-coming acts like Nirvana and Green Day. Staffers would feed the band, often with donated food, and the audience got the leftovers. The decidedly un-capitalist business model worked until crowds began to dwindle, extensive repairs were ordered by campus fire marshals and student groups got sick of subsidizing it.

The university’s student-run newspaper, The Guardian, characterized the venue as a “money pit consistently plagued with safety issues” in a recent editorial, urging its principals to start utilizing better fiscal management of nearly $1 million of student fees are used for renovations.

“Many students also don’t realize that the money being spent on the café’s renovation comes directly from student fees; in other words, we are collectively pouring almost one million dollars of our money into repairing a cooperative that the vast majority of us don’t even use.”

“I do not believe Che Cafe closing will be a severe blow to the campus’ overall aesthetic,” soon-to-be graduate Marco Vasquez, a political science major and vice chair of the university’s College Republicans, told in an e-mail. “The majority of students that I have spoken to do not know what or where the Che Cafe is, given that it is on the edge of campus. Those who do know either visit it regularly or describe it as creepy.”

The perfect descriptor for its namesake.

When I was a kid, I knew a kid burdened with the name Che by his parents. (My parents mixed with that crowd.) I bet he’s going by Ernesto—even Ernest—now.

PS: Does one get the Trotskys after eating at the Che Guevara Collective?


Democrats Among Us

I couldn’t get past the first few sentences.

Democratic Florida Rep. Joe Garcia — fresh off being caught eating his own earwax on camera — was caught red-handed (or is it yellow-fingered?) in another gaffe this week, claiming that low crime rates in border cities with lots of federal immigration workers is proof that “Communism works.”

To find out how it works, go to the link.

– Aggie

Comments (1)

How’s The Reset Button Working, Mr. President?

Russian warship docked at Havana.

Maybe stopped for a quick brewski?

A Russian warship was docked in Havana Wednesday, without explanation from Communist Cuba or its state media.

The Viktor Leonov CCB-175 boat, measuring 91.5 meters (300 feet) long and 14.5 meters wide, was docked at the port of Havana’s cruise ship area, near the Russian Orthodox Cathedral.

The Vishnya, or Meridian-class intelligence ship, which has a crew of around 200, went into service in the Black Sea in 1988 before it was transferred seven years later to the northern fleet, Russian media sources said.

Neither Cuban authorities nor state media have mentioned the ship’s visit, unlike on previous tours by Russian warships.

The former Soviet Union was Cuba’s sponsor state through three decades of Cold War. After a period of some distancing under former Russian president Boris Yeltsin, the countries renewed their political, economic and military cooperation.

The ship is reportedly armed with 30mm guns and anti-aircraft missiles.

Hmm. Perhaps Obama is the genius that Joe Biden told us he was. Maybe He is trying to disrupt the entire communist world. After all, there are problems in Venezuela and in Ukraine. Maybe the plan is to get them to tear themselves to pieces? Or maybe he is just the dolt that I think he is, and the world is simply much less safe than it was the day George W. Bush handed him the keys to the White House.

– Aggie


Tom Harkin Went to Cuba

And all we got was his lousy propaganda.

So, Marco Rubio filled in the blanks:

A few moments ago, the body was treated to a report from the senator from Iowa about his recent trip to Cuba. Sounded like he had a wonderful trip visiting, what he described as, a real paradise. He bragged about a number of things that he learned on his trip to Cuba that I’d like to address briefly. He bragged about their health care system, medical school is free, doctors are free, clinics are free, their infant mortality rate may be even lower than ours. I wonder if the senator, however, was informed, number one, that the infant mortality rate of Cuba is completely calculated on figures provided by the Cuban government. And, by the way, totalitarian communist regimes don’t have the best history of accurately reporting things. I wonder if he was informed that before Castro, Cuba, by the way, was 13th in the whole world in infant mortality. I wonder if the government officials who hosted him, informed him that in Cuba there are instances reported, including by defectors, that if a child only lives a few hours after birth, they’re not counted as a person who ever lived and therefore don’t count against the mortality rate.

I wonder if our visitors to Cuba were informed that in Cuba, any time there is any sort of problem with the child in utero they are strongly encouraged to undergo abortions, and that’s why they have an abortion rate that skyrockets, and some say, is perhaps the highest the world. I heard him also talk about these great doctors that they have in Cuba. I have no doubt they’re very talented. I’ve met a bunch of them. You know where I met them? In the United States because they defected. Because in Cuba, doctors would rather drive a taxi cab or work in a hotel than be a doctor. I wonder if they spoke to him about the outbreak of cholera that they’ve been unable to control, or about the three-tiered system of health care that exists where foreigners and government officials get health care much better than that that’s available to the general population.

He wasn’t done. But Harkin, and all the other apologists for Communism, should be.

But Harkin’s not ignorant. Well, of course he is. But he’s well-informed: he knows everything Rubio says is true. Yet he praises Castro’s Cuba; he praises the whole package. He has no problem with it. As the last five years have made amply evident, Democrats have no problem with any of this at all.


Commies vs. Nazis

Sorry, that was a typo.

It should read Commies + Nazis = Luv4Evah:

I was familiar with the National Bolshevism of the early Nazi years. Thinkers like the Ukrainian Bolshevik Karl Radek and the Nazi Otto Strasser dabbled with the idea of merging Bolshevik and Nazi ideology. After all, if you’re already a National Socialist it’s not that long a trip to being a National Bolshevik, now is it? Some left-wing members of the Nazi military described themselves as National Bolsheviks as well. But ultimately, National Bolshevism as an intellectual movement died in the crib. Or so I thought.

What I did not know is that National Bolshevism is making such a comeback. And while, it’s evil and a national-security threat and all that, I can’t help but smile.

National Bolshevism must strike some on the left as quite perplexing. After all, Bolshevism and Nazism — like fascism and socialism — are opposites, right?

If you read my book, you’d know I consider this the greatest myth and/or lie of the 20th century (coming in a distant second: the idea that there is a difference between good flan and bad flan).

The Left has clung to this belief (not about flan) for decades, but there’s not a wisp of truth to it. Fascist and socialist ideologies are two sides of the same coin. It was nothing for Molotov and Ribbentrop to sign a non-aggression pact, and even less for the Nazis to break it. Stalin finished what Hitler started (domination of half a continent), killing many more people than the little Austrian corporal could ever manage—and with a better mustache. Both systems crushed individual liberty under a totalitarian military and police state. Both regimes committed torture and both subjected people to unimaginable abuses under the guise of medicine and science.

Jonah Goldberg (Liberal Fascism) looks at the modern revival under Putin. We’re watching it play out daily in the streets of Kiev.

PS: And both regimes got their Olympic Games for propaganda.

Comments (2)


Nice small-to-midsize business ya got here.

Shame if somethin’ happened to it:

Obama officials made clear in a press briefing that firms would not be allowed to lay off workers to get into the preferred class of those businesses with 50 to 99 employees. How will the feds know what employers were thinking when hiring and firing? Simple. Firms will be required to certify to the IRS–under penalty of perjury–that ObamaCare was not a motivating factor in their staffing decisions. To avoid ObamaCare costs you must swear that you are not trying to avoid ObamaCare costs. You can duck the law, but only if you promise not to say so.

In practice, the new rule is a ban–under threat of criminal liability–on acknowledging the perverse incentive. Call it OmertàCare, a government-imposed conspiracy of silence.

Rush made the same point:

As you know, the Regime recently delayed the implementation of the employer mandate for three years, until 2016. This means that employers who have a hundred or less employees will be subject to the mandate.

The point of this is that this limit of 100 is a golden opportunity for businesses to, once again, fire people to get under that number of 100 so that they are eligible for the delay of the mandate. So what the Obama Regime has done, is said firms and businesses are going to be required to certify to the IRS — under penalty of perjury — that Obamacare was not a motivating factor in their staffing decisions.

I mean, this is absolutely lawless. It is against the law. They cannot, ladies and gentlemen, do this. Specifically, they cannot run businesses this way.

And yet they are. Of course governments can do this: it’s called a command economy. See the former Soviet Union as an example. North Korea and Cuba for other examples.

If it works for them…

[T]hey don’t want businesses saying that they’re laying people off or firing people because of Obamacare. That’s really what the rub is, and it boils down to they can do what they want but they better not say that they’re firing people because of Obamacare. Now, it’s been running around, going around here, that this is a banana republic. This is way beyond a banana republic now. This is Stalinism.

If it worked for Stalin…


Pete Seeger Blues

Pete Seeger has died. He was 94.

Like many of you, I’m sure, I grew up on Pete Seeger’s music; after rediscovering him as an adult, so did my kids.

We never stop growing up, or shouldn’t. But I wonder if Pete Seeger did. There was always a simpleness to him (different from simplicity, which can be very difficult to achieve), which would certainly appeal to children. When he sang American folk songs, they were tuneful, funny, superficial. If he sang “She’ll Be Coming ‘Round the Mountain”, for example, it was about some nameless, faceless woman driving six white horses around a mountain (when she gets around to it).

It’s not about what it was really about.

“She’ll Be Coming ‘Round the Mountain” (also sometimes called simply “Coming ‘Round the Mountain”) is a traditional African-American folk song often categorized as children’s music. It is a derivation of a “spiritual” song known as “When the Chariot Comes”.

The song refers to the Second Coming of Christ and subsequent Rapture. The she refers to the chariot the returning Christ is imagined as driving.

O, who will drive the chariot When she comes? O, who will drive the chariot When she comes? O, who will drive the chariot, O, who will drive the chariot, O, who will drive the chariot When she comes?
King Jesus, he’ll be driver when she comes, When she comes . . . .
She’ll be loaded with bright Angels When she comes . . . .
She will neither rock nor totter, When she comes . . . .
She will run so level and steady, When she comes . . . .
She will take us to the portals, When she comes . . . .

To be fair to Pete, who knows anything about that (save Neil Young on his recent disc of reinterpretations of such songs)? That song, like so many traditional songs, has been neutered by “the folk process” (as fellow Weaver Lee Hays termed the laundering of original intent from traditional material).

Speaking of Lee Hays, the troubled but brilliant (absolutely brilliant) Weaver, see how he completely nails Seeger in this transcript of a clip from the documentary about the Weavers, Wasn’t That a Time?

[PETE:] All I know about woody’s “relativity song” is there’s nothing he didn’t write about, including relativity. And he got a big kick out of this one.
? I can’t go east or west I can’t go north or south
I can’t go up or down but I can still go round and round
I can still go round and round
I can still go round and round
You can tell old albert einstein
I can still go round and round

[LEE: T]here’s something left out of here. If we looked in the Woody literature, I swear to God he had, “I can still go in and out,” which was the thing that tickled him most, right?
[PETE:] Yeah.
[LEE:] You left that out.
[PETE:] I don’t ever remember it.
[LEE:] That was the whole point of the song. Woody’s relativity song…it’s really a song about how to make relatives. But I can still go in and out. He thought that was great.

The moment passes quickly, but if you’re paying attention (and if you know there had been friction between Hays and Seeger over the years), you see how either deaf or in denial Pete was to the ribaldry in Woody Guthrie’s lyrics. Instead of a song about boinking, it’s a song about… nothing. Like the worst part of folk music, so perfectly sent up Christopher Guest in A Mighty Wind, “rambling”, going “round and round” is a laudable activity. What does it even mean?

As his musical style was simple, so were his politics:

Just when you thought Occupy Wall Street hadn’t a single new idea in its pretty little empty head, the geniuses dust off the old banjo Bolshevik. From The New York Times, “Pete Seeger Leads Protesters, On Foot And In Song“:

Mr. Seeger, whose activist credentials go back at least as far as a benefit concert that he and Woody Guthrie did for California migrant workers in 1940 and who wrote or helped write populist ballads like like “Where Have All the Flowers Gone?” and “If I Had a Hammer,” …set off south, walking at a brisk pace and accompanied by a crowd of about 600, some of them carrying placards declaring support for the self-declared 99 percent that have been occupying Zuccotti Park for five weeks…

“He’s a symbol of the peace movement,” said one of the marchers, Larry Manzino, a retired research scientist from Piscataway, N.J. “He’s a guy who never caved, a guy who had integrity, a guy who stood up and said no when he had to.”

“A guy who had integrity” is leftie code for “didn’t repudiate Stalin until half-a-century after the old monster had died”, as Seeger belatedly did in 2009. “Activist credentials” is the preferred New York Times euphemism for being reliably wrong on every single issue for the last 70 years, starting with his opposition to the Second World War. (Not to mention he ripped off Solomon Linda, the black South African author of “Wimoweh”, who died penniless. Because, unlike poor Mr Linda, Mr Seeger was shrewd enough to have a – what’s the word? – “corporation” to protect his business interests.)

But good for OWS at finally finding the perfect soundtrack for its fresh youthful idealism. I believe Pete serenaded the Zuccotti Park crowd with his searing protest song, “Where Have All The Showers Gone?”

Didn’t know that about Seeger? Mark Steyn elaborates:

One must congratulate the old banjo-picker on making it to four score and ten, which is a lot older than many “dissenting artists” made it to under the regimes he’s admired over the years. Two years ago in The New York Sun, you’ll recall, Ron Radosh had a notable scoop: Hold the front page! Stop the presses! Grizzled Leftie Icon Repudiates…

Who? Castro? Chavez? Al-Qaeda?

Whoa, let’s not rush to judgment. No, the big story was: Grizzled Leftie Icon Repudiates … Stalin.

Anyway, in the Sun, Mr Radosh, a former banjo pupil of the great man, did dwell on it, and a few weeks later got a letter in response. “I think you’re right,” wrote Pete. “I should have asked to see the gulags when I was in [the] USSR.” And he enclosed a new song he’d composed:

I’m singing about old Joe, cruel Joe
He ruled with an iron hand
He put an end to the dreams
Of so many in every land
He had a chance to make
A brand new start for the human race
Instead he set it back
Right in the same nasty place
I got the Big Joe Blues (Keep your mouth shut or you will die fast)
I got the Big Joe Blues (Do this job, no questions asked)
I got the Big Joe Blues…

It’s heartening to see that age (he’s now 88) hasn’t withered Seeger’s unerring instinct for bum rhymes (“fast/asked”). Still, Ron Radosh was thrilled that, just 54 years after the old brute’s death, a mere three-quarters of a century after the purges and show trials and whatnot, the old protest singer had finally got around to protesting Stalin, albeit somewhat evasively: He put the human race “right in the same nasty place”? Sorry, not good enough. Stalin created whole new degrees of nastiness. But, given that the guy got the two great conflicts of the 20th century wrong (in 1940, he was anti-war and singing “Wendell Wilkie and Franklin D/Both agree on killing me”), it’s a start. I can’t wait for his anti-Osama album circa 2078.

America has no “best-loved Nazi” or “best-loved Fascist” or even “best-loved Republican”, but its best-loved Stalinist stooge is hailed in his dotage as a secular saint who’s spent his life “singing for peace”. He sang for “peace” when he opposed the fascistic armaments stooge Roosevelt and imperialist Britain, and he sang for “peace” when he attacked the Cold War paranoiac Truman, and he kept on singing for “peace” no matter how many millions died and millions more had to live in bondage, and, while that may seem agreeably peaceful when you’re singing “If I Had A Hammer” in Ann Arbor, it’s not if you’re on the sharp end of the deal thousands of miles away.

Explaining how Stalin had “put an end to the dreams” of a Communist utopia, Seeger told Ron Radosh that he’d underestimated “how the majority of the human race has faith in violence”. But that isn’t true, is it? Very few of us are violent. Those who order the killings are few in number, and those who carry them out aren’t significantly numerous. But those willing to string along and those too fainthearted to object and those who just want to keep their heads down and wait for things to blow over are numbered in the millions. And so are those many miles away in the plump prosperous western democracies who don’t see why this or that dictator is their problem. One can perhaps understand the great shrug of indifference to distant monsters. It’s harder, though, to forgive the contemporary urge to celebrate it as a form of “idealism”.

James Lileks, the bard of Minnesota, once offered this trenchant analysis of Pete Seeger:

‘If I Had A Hammer’? Well, what’s stopping you? Go to the hardware store; they’re about a buck-ninety, tops.

[T]hey’re dopey nursery-school jingles, but that’s why they’re so insidious. The numbing simplicity allows them to be passed off as uncontentious unexceptionable all-purpose anthems of goodwill. Which is why you hear “This Land Is Your Land” in American grade schools, but not “The Battle Hymn Of The Republic”. The invention of the faux-childlike faux-folk song was one of the greatest forces in the infantilization of American culture. Seeger’s hymn to the “senselessness” of all war, “Where Have All The Flowers Gone?”, combined passivity with condescension – “When will they ever learn?” – and established the default mode of contemporary artistic “dissent”. Mr Seeger’s ongoing veneration is apparently indestructible. But at least we now know the answer to the question “When will he ever learn?”

At least half-a-century too late.

Pete Seeger was willing to sacrifice for his beliefs (blacklists, lost sales, etc.), something worth admiring. But the beliefs themselves were not always so meritorious. Steyn cites his antiwar anthems and his support for the Occupy Movement. Add overpopulation (We’ll All Be a-Doubling), waste and recycling (Garbage! Garbage! Garbage!), and a few other liberal shibboleths, and you’ve got the makings of a pretty crackpot canon.

I still have a love for him, from so many years of association. And his music is a peek into the leftist mindset from even sixty, seventy years ago. The Weavers used to sing lots of Israeli folksongs, for example, celebrating “the new state”. Who knew the Left once embraced the Zionist entity, however briefly, however distantly?

But there was so much to repudiate from those times. Maybe he shouldn’t have been blacklisted for singing about the scandalous hammer shortage afflicting the nation, but anyone with a brain or a heart (either one!) should have seen Stalin was a dangerous criminal from the moment of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact of 1939. An apology from 2009 is seventy years late by my count. Big Joe Blues is an obscenity: after decades, Pete, it wasn’t about Big Joe anymore, it was about you. You backed a monstrous man and a monstrous ideology, but rejected only one. It’s going to take a lot of hammers to knock that out of my head.


[Bleep] You Can’t Make Up

Smoke gets in your eyes:

United Nations climate chief Christiana Figueres said that democracy is a poor political system for fighting global warming. Communist China, she says, is the best model.

China may be the world’s top emitter of carbon dioxide and struggling with major pollution problems of their own, but the country is “doing it right” when it comes to fighting global warming says Figueres.

“They actually want to breathe air that they don’t have to look at,” she said. “They’re not doing this because they want to save the planet. They’re doing it because it’s in their national interest.”

They actually like it! Haven’t you heard the expression “happy as a pig in sh*t”?

They like those too.


Rush Limbaugh, Right Again

Rush Limbaugh took a bit of heat a few weeks ago for daring to correct the Pope on economic theory. Capitalism, not socialism, not even charity, lifted the most people out of poverty, Rush averred.

Somebody—a lot of somebodies—owe Rush an apology:

More than one in five people live in extreme poverty globally, according to a new report, though China’s continued economic growth has improved the lives of millions.

The poverty rate in the world’s most populous country fell by nearly three-quarters in the last six years, from 26% in 2007 to 7% by 2012, the report by Gallup, a U.S.-based research company, said.

Such a trend is attributed to the economic reforms within the country in the last couple of decades.

Reform from what to what, CNN? No reply.

These substantial strides by China meant overall poverty across the globe was halved from 40% to 20% within two decades, according to World Bank President Jim Yong Kim.

Sub-Saharan Africa was found to have the highest levels of poverty, with the majority of the population in the region — 54% — living under extreme poverty. The statistics in Liberia and Burundi are even more dire, with 90% of the population classed in this category.

I’m not saying you want to be China, Africa, but there’s nothing stopping you.


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